Androgens: Androgens are male hormones that are also present in females. These hormones stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce oil, which can clog pores and cause acne. During puberty, both boys and girls experience an increase in androgens, which is why acne is common during this time.
Estrogen: Estrogen is a female hormone that helps regulate the menstrual cycle. During the menstrual cycle, estrogen levels fluctuate, which can cause acne breakouts. Estrogen can also help reduce the severity of acne by decreasing sebum production.